Stockton JSNA


Children

Who is at risk and why?

Wider determinants of health

Education

Children are at greater risk of low educational attainment if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Have a family member who misuses substances;
  • Live in a single parent family;
  • Are a looked after child;
  • Have a poor school attendance record;
  • Suffer from poor mental health; and
  • Have a learning disability.

Poverty

Children are at greater risk of being subjected to the effects of poverty if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Have a family member who misuses alcohol;
  • Have a family member who uses illicit drugs;
  • Live in a single parent family; and
  • Are a looked after child.

Behaviour and lifestyle

Alcohol misuse

Children are at greater risk of being subjected to alcohol misuse if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who misuses alcohol;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Live in a single parent family; and
  • Are a looked after child.

Illicit drug use

Children are at greater risk of being subjected to illicit drug use if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who uses illicit drugs;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Live in a single parent family;
  • Are a looked after child (they are four times more likely to use illegal substances than children raised in a household); and
  • Are in contact with the criminal justice system.

Smoking

Children are at greater risk of being subjected to passive smoking if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who is a smoker;
  • Have a family member who misuses alcohol;
  • Have a family member who uses illicit drugs;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment.
  • Live in a single parent family; and
  • Are a looked after child.

Diet and nutrition

Children are at greater risk of having a poor diet and poor nutrition if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Live in a single parent family;
  • Are a looked after child;
  • Are not breastfed at birth;
  • Have a learning disability; and
  • Are from a black or minority ethnic group.

Obesity

Children are at greater risk of being obese if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Have a family member who is unemployed;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Live in a single parent family;
  • Are a looked after child;
  • Are not breastfed at birth; and
  • Have a learning disability.

Illness and death

Injuries

Children are at greater risk of being injured if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Are under-5 years old (under 5-year-olds are more vulnerable to unintentional injuries in the home);
  • Are over-11 years old (11 to 18-year-olds are more vulnerable to unintentional injuries on the road);
  • Have a disability or impairment (physical or learning);
  • Are from a black or minority ethnic group;
  • Live in accommodation which potentially puts them more at risk (including multiple-occupied housing and social and privately rented housing); and
  • Are a 1 to 14-year-old boy (twice as likely to die of injuries than girls).

Mental health

Children are at greater risk of having poor mental health if they:

  • Live in a deprived area;
  • Face three or more stressful life events (three times more likely than other children to develop emotional and behavioural disorders);
  • Have stressful family situations;
  • Have a family member with poor mental health;
  • Live in rented accommodation;
  • Are in local authority or residential care;
  • Have a family member who has low educational attainment;
  • Live in a single parent family;
  • Are a looked after child;
  • Have a learning disability;
  • Have a  physical disability; and
  • Have a serious or chronic illness.
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