Stockton JSNA


Cardiovascular Disease

Evidence base

Issue number

1 = highest priority

1

Source

NICE

Title incl. web link

NICE CVD prevention

Link

Summary 

The CVD prevention guidance aims to reduce the incidence of CVD by addressing the main risk factors such as poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption as well as conditions linked to CVD.   

Source

NICE

Title incl. web link

NICE guidance PH45 Smoking: Harm reduction

Link

Summary

The guidance aims to reduce harm from smoking and recommends harm-reduction approaches which may or may not include temporary or long-term use of licensed nicotine-containing products.

Source 

Government Office for Science

Title incl. web link

Foresight Report: Tackling Obesity, Future Choices

Link

Summary 

The report addresses the complex relationship between social and economic determinants, physical environment and individual factors that underlie the development of obesity.

Source

Public Health England

Title incl. web link

Evidence review of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products 2018

Link

Summary

This report summarises the evidence relating to e-cigarettes and vaping devices and underpins current policy and regulation.

Source

Public Health England

Title incl. web link

Obesity and the environment: regulating the growth of fast food outlets

Link

Summary 

The briefing highlights the importance of action on obesity and outlines the regulatory and other approaches that can be taken at local level to reduce the impact of fast food outlets.

Source

Public Health England

Title incl. web link

Action plan for cardiovascular disease prevention 2017-18

Link

Summary

Public Health England outlines the different strands of CVD prevention including population level interventions such as sugar and salt reduction, implementation and promotion of the heart age tool and diabetes prevention programme.

Source

NICE

Title incl. web link

NICE Impact CVD prevention

Link

Summary 

This report outlines the impact of evidence-based intervention on CVD outcomes.

Source

NICE

Title incl. web link

NICE Clinical guideline (CG181): Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification

Link

Summary 

This guideline covers the assessment and care of adults who are at risk of or who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart disease and stroke. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people who are at risk of cardiovascular problems including people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. It describes the lifestyle changes people can make and how statins can be used to reduce their risk.

2

 

Source

NHS RightCare

Title Incl. web link

Rightcare CVD prevention pathway

Link

Summary 

The Rightcare CVD prevention pathway outlines cardiovascular risk detection and management in primary care.

Source

NICE

Title incl. web link

AliveCor Heart Monitor and AliveECG app (Kardia Mobile) for detecting atrial fibrillation

Link

Summary

The AliveCor Heart Monitor and AliveECG app are, respectively, a pocket-sized ECG recorder and a mobile device application for analysis and communication of the results. The aim of the device is to identify paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Two clinical studies reported that the AliveCor Heart Monitor and the AliveECG app have sensitivity above 85% and specificity above 90% in identifying AF. An Australian study found that opportunistic, community-based screening for undiagnosed AF, using the AliveCor Heart Monitor and the AliveECG app, was cost effective.

Source

NICE

Title incl. web link

NICE Impact CVD prevention

Link

Summary 

This report demonstrates the impact of evidence-based intervention on managing CVD.

Source

NHS Network

Title incl. web link

Ways to Wellness in Newcastle Gateshead CCG

Link

Summary

Ways to Wellness uses social prescribing to provide support to people with long-term health conditions. Non-medical ‘link workers’ are aligned to GP practices to support patients in behaviour change to achieve goals that improve their welling.

Source

Social  care Institute for Excellence

Title incl. web link

Social Prescribing: a review of the evidence

Link

Summary

A brief review of the literature on social prescribing.

Source

NHS Health Check

Title incl. web link

NHS Health Check: A microsimulation study

Link

Summary

The evidence synthesis on the NHS Health Check by the University of Cambridge shows that the NHS Health Check is effective in improving risk factor identification, referral and uptake of evidenced based lifestyle and clinical interventions. It also concludes that the NHS health check can reduce health inequalities by engaging with those with greatest need.

 

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