Stockton JSNA


Employment

Which population groups are at risk and why?

Age

Employment rates vary by age; with younger and older groups having lower rates of employment and full-time employment than those in the middle of the working-age range.  Reasons for economic inactivity amongst younger people include ‘study’ and ‘looking after family’, whilst older people are more likely to be economically inactive due to ill health or retirement.

Research suggests that although there has been some relative success in reducing the number of young people considered NEET at age 16 via the ‘raising the participation age’ there is almost a doubling in the subsequent year at age 17; a pattern which is repeated in each successive year.

Gender

Males are more likely to claim unemployment benefit; with 4.1% of working age males in the Borough making up the claimant count compared to 2.1% of working age females. 

 

Males are more likely to be in employment than females; with current employment rates in Stockton-on-Tees estimated at
 

  • 76.8% for males and
  •  68.5% for females.  

Males are more likely to work full time with

 

  • 88.7% of males in employment
  • compared to 57.6% of females. 

Males are more likely to be self-employed than females in Stockton-on-Tees; with
 

  • more than 13% of employed males classed as self##employed
  • compared to less than 10% of females .

Whilst there are a higher proportion of males in employment there are also a higher proportion claiming unemployment benefit
 

  • 4.1% of working age males
  • compared to 2.1% of working age females.

This is because there are a higher proportion of females not actively seeking work (economically inactive). 

 

  • 28.2% of females are estimated to be economically inactive
  • compared to 19.4% of males.

The most common reason for inactivity amongst women is that they are looking after family/home.

Free School Meals Status

The attainment of children who at some point have received ‘Free School Meals’ (FSM) is lower than other children. In Stockton-on-Tees in 2016 39% of FSM children achieved a Level 2 qualification in English and Maths by the age of 19, whilst for non-FSM children the rate was 71.8%.

In 2014/15 the estimated percentage of 15 year old pupils from state-funded and special schools who entered higher education by the age of 19 was 16% for FSM pupils and 42% for non-FSM pupils.

Qualifications

The higher qualification that a person holds the more likely it is that they would be employed, and the greater the likelihood that they would be earning more money for that work. Around 87% of people in Stockton-on-Tees that are qualified to NVQ Level 4 or higher are estimated to be in employment compared to 47% of those without any formal qualifications.

Mental health

In February 2010, 39% of Employment Support Allowance (ESA) claimants in Stockton-on-Tees were claiming due to ‘mental and behavioural disorders’.  In February 2017, this had risen to 49%; with 8,191 ESA claimants claiming for this reason. This mirrors the trend being seen nationally.

Ethnicity

In the North East, 55% of people who are Pakistani/Bangladeshi are in employment compared to 71% of White British people. Nationally, in 2016, every ethnic minority (other than White ethnic minorities) had lower rates of employment than White British people.

Pakistani/Bangladeshi women have particularly low levels of employment with just 35% nationally in employment.

Prisoners

There is not a lot of information regarding the economic activity of ex-offenders, however, Government figures suggest only around a quarter of ex-offenders enter employment on release from prison and around 50% of people who leave prison re-offend within 12 months. 49% of prisoners suffer from anxiety and/or depression, 32% of prisoners report having a learning difficulty and/or disability, and 47% of prisoners are estimated to have no school qualifications, including GCSEs.

These factors and the difficulties faced by ex-offenders to secure employment means that employment levels amongst ex-offenders are likely to be particularly low.

Young Offenders

There were 366 offences in Stockton##on##Tees in the year ending March 2016 for people aged 10-17.  134 were either cautioned or sentenced by Youth Offending Teams. 11 people ended up in custody.
 
Anecdotally young people with convictions find it more difficult to access training and employment opportunities as their criminal record acts as a barrier to training providers and employers providing them with opportunities.

Looked After Children

Stockton-on-Tees has a higher rate of ‘Looked After’ children than the national average. In Stockton-on-Tees only 48% of care leavers that are now aged 19, 20 and 21 were in Employment, Education or Training.

People with Disabilities

What is commonly referred to as the ‘disability employment gap’ is the difference in the employment rate of people with disabilities and people without disabilities.  People with disabilities had an employment rate 31.3 percentage points lower than people without disabilities between April and July 2017.

The employment rate for men with disabilities is 50.0%, for women with disabilities the rate is 48.6%.

The North East had the lowest employment rate for disabled people across all English Regions.

People with Neurological Conditions

50% of people with muscle disease of working age are not in employment.

14% of people with epilepsy are actively looking for work compared to an unemployment rate of 8.8 % for all disabled people.

People with epilepsy are up to twice as likely as those without epilepsy to be at risk of unemployment.

Up to 80% of people with MS will be unemployed within 10 years of their diagnosis.

46% of people with Parkinson’s disease will be unemployed within 10 years of their diagnosis.

A third of migraine sufferers face difficulties or discrimination at work because of their condition.

The employment rate for people with Asperger's syndrome is 12%.

The prevalence of young people with an acquired traumatic brain disorder (TBI) is 24%-31.6%.

50,844 children and young people residing in Tees Valley are living with the hidden effect of a TBI.

Percentage of young people in custody with a TBI 65.1% to 72.1%.

48% of homeless young people had experienced a head injury.

 

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